Mandarin fruit has been cultivated in China for over 3000 years. The word mandarin refers to the bright orange suits, which Chinese officials bar at the ancient Chinese courts.
It was only in 1900-the figure that the mandarin was known throughout the world.
Mandarin quickly became a popular fruit for school children because it was easy to peel. It was however a drawback, it had too many grains and was quickly replaced by the new black, Clementin who had hardly any seeds.

Mandarin is a little darker and orange in color than Clementin. The fruit is small, usually slightly flattened but rounded and the skin is loosened slightly. The flesh has a sweetish taste.
In some countries, also called fruit tangerine after Tangiers in Morocco, where the first exports began.